Collective bargaining should be voluntary

The ILO supervisory bodies have handled cases which challenged action by a government on the grounds that it restricted voluntary collective bargaining due to:

  • The imposition of compulsory arbitration;
  • The intervention of authorities in the drafting of collective agreements;
  • The requirement of administrative approval of freely concluded collective agreements;
  • The cancellation of agreements because they were contrary to national economic policy;
  • Administrative or legislative intervention preventing compliance with currently applicable collective agreements or requiring the renegotiation of existing agreements;
  • The compulsory extension of the period for which collective agreements are in force;
  • Restrictions imposed by the authorities on future collective bargaining;
  • Restrictions on clauses to index wages to the cost of living.